TREATY OF RECIPROCITY
BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Proclamation - Hawaii - United
The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian
Islands, equally animated by the desire to strengthen and perpetuate the
friendly relations which have heretofore uniformly existed between them,
and to consolidate their commercial intercourse, have resolved to enter
into a Convention for commercial reciprocity. For this purpose, the President
of the United States has conferred full powers on Hamilton Fish, Secretary
of State, and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands has conferred
like powers on Honorable Elisha H. Allen, Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court, Chancellor of the Kingdom, member of the Privy Council of State,
His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United
States of America, and Honorable Henry A. P. Carter, member of the Privy
Council of State, His Majesty' s special Commissioner to the United States
And the said Plenipotentiaries, after having exchanged their full powers,
which were found to be in due form, have agreed to the following articles:
For and in consideration of the right and privileges granted by His Majesty,
the King of the Hawaiian Islands in the next succeeding article of this
Convention, and as an equivalent therefor, the United States of America
hereby agree to admit all the articles named in the following schedule,
the same being the growth and manufacture or produce of the Hawaiian Islands,
into all the ports of the United States free of duty.
Arrow-root; Castor oil; Bananas; Nuts; Vegetables, dried and undried, preserved
and unpreserved; Hides and skins, undressed; Rice; Pulu; Seeds; Plants,
Shrubs, or Trees; Muscovado, brown, and all other unrefined Sugar, meaning
hereby the grade of sugar heretofore commonly imported from the Hawaiian
Islands, and now known in the markets of San Francisco and Portland a "
Sandwich Island sugar ;" syrups of Sugar-cane, Melado, and Molasses; Tallow;
For and in consideration of the right and privilege granted by the United
States of America in the preceding article of this Convention, and as an
equivalent therefor, His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands hereby
agrees to admit all the articles named in the following schedule, the same
being the growth, manufacture, or produce of the United States of America,
into all the ports of the Hawaiian Islands free of duty.
Agricultural Implements; Animals; Beef, Bacon, Pork, Ham, and all fresh,
smoked, or preserved meats; Boots and Shoes; Grain, flour, meal, and Bran.
Bread and Breadstuff, of all kinds; Bricks, Lime, and Cement; Butter, Cheese,
Lard, Tallow; Bullion; Coal; Cordage, Naval Stores, including Tar, Pitch,
Resin, Turpentine raw and rectified; Copper and Composition Sheating; Nails
and Bolts; Cotton and manufactures of cotton, bleached and unbleached,
and whether or not colored, stained, painted, or printed; Eggs; Fish and
Oysters, and all other creatures living in the water, and the produce thereof;
Fruits, Nuts, and Vegetables, green, dried, or undried, preserved or unpreserved;
Hardware; Hides, Furs, Skins and Pelts, dressed or undressed; Hoop iron
and Rivets, Nails, Spikes and Bolts, Tacks, Brads, or Sprigs; Ice; Iron
and Steel and manufactures thereof; Leather; Lumber and Timber of all kinds,
round, hewed, sawed and unmanufactured, in hole or in part; Doors, Sashes,
and Blinds; Machinery of all kinds, Engines and parts thereof; Oats and
Hay; Paper, Stationary, and Books, and all manufactures of Paper or Paper
and Wood; Petroleum and all oils for lubricating or illuminating purposes;
Plants, Shrubs, Trees, and Seeds; Rice; Sugar, refined or unrefined; Salt;
Soap; Shooks, Staves, and Headings; Wool and manufactures of wool, other
than ready made clothing; Wagons and Carts for the purposes of agriculture
or of dryage; Wood and manufacture of Wood, or of Wood and Metal, except
furniture either upholstered or carved, and carriages; Textile manufactures
made of a combination of wool, cotton, silk, or linen, or of any two or
more of them other than when ready-made clothing; harness and all manufactures
of leather; starch; and tobacco, whether in leaf or manufactured.
The evidence that articles proposed to be admitted into the ports of the
United States of America, or the ports of the Hawaiian Islands, free of
duty, under the first and second articles of this Convention, are the growth,
manufacture, or produce of the United States of America or of the Hawaiian
Islands, respectively, shall be established under such rules and regulations
and conditions for the protection of the revenue as the two Governments
may from time to time respectively prescribe.
No export duty or charges shall be imposed in the Hawaiian Islands, or
in the United States, upon any of the articles proposed to be admitted
into the ports of the United States or the ports of the Hawaiian Islands
free of duty under the first and second articles of this Convention. It
is agreed, on the part of His Hawaiian Majesty, that, so long as this Treaty
shall remain in force, he will not lease or otherwise dispose of or create
any lien upon any port, harbor, or other territory in his dominions, or
grant so special privilege or right of use therein, to any other power,
state, or government, nor make any treaty by which any other nation shall
obtain the same privileges, relative to the admission of any articles free
of duty hereby secured to the United States.
The present Convention shall take effect as soon as it shall have been
approved and proclaimed by His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands,
and shall have been ratified and duly proclaimed on the part of the government
of the United States, but not until a law to carry it into operation shall
have been passed by the Congress of the United States of America. Such
assent having been given and the ratifications of the Convention having
been exchanged provided in Article VI, the Convention shall remain in force
for seven years from the date at which it may come into operation; and
further, until the expiration of Twelve months after either of the High
Contracting Parties shall give notice to the other of its wish to terminate
the same; each of the High Contracting Parties being at liberty to give
such notice to the other at the end of the said term of seven years, or
at an time thereafter.
The present Convention shall be duly ratified and the
ratification exchanged at Washington City, within eighteen months from
the date hereof, or earlier if possible.
In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries
of the high contracting parties have signed this present Convention, and
have affixed thereto their respective seal.
Done in duplicate, at Washington, the thirteenth day of
January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
WHEREAS, by the advice and
the approval of the Legislature of Our Kingdom, We did enter into a Convention
with the United States of America on the subject of Commercial Reciprocity,
which said Convention was concluded and signed by our Plenipotentiaries
and the Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, at the City of
Washington, on the 30th day of January, 1875, and as Amended by the Contracting
Parties is word for word as follows:
the said Convention, as Amended, was ratified by Ourselves, on the 17th
of April, 1875, and by His Excellency the President of the United States
of America, on 31st of May, 1875, and said ratifications were exchanged
at the City of Washington, June 3rd, 1875.
Now, therefore, We do proclaim and make public
the same to the end that it and ever Clause and Article thereof may be
observed and fulfilled with good faith by ever person within Our Kingdom.
And the said Convention shall go into effect as soon as intelligence is
received that the Government of the United States has made the necessary
provisions for carrying it into operation.
By the King:
[L. S.] In witness whereof, we have hereunto
set Our hand and caused the
Seal of Our Kingdom to be affixed this 17th day of June, A. D. 1876
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ulysses S Grant,
President of the United States of America
To all to whom these presents shall come,
Know Ye, that whereas a Convention between
the United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands,
on the subject of Commercial Reciprocity, was concluded and signed by their
respective Plenipotentiaries as Washington on the thirtieth day of January,
eighteen hundred and seventy-five, the original of which Convention is
word for word as follows:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Ulysses S.
Grant, President of the United States of America, having seen and considered
the said Convention do, hereby, in pursuance of the aforesaid advice and
consent of the Senate, ratify and confirm the same as amended by the Senate,
and every article and clause thereof.
In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of the United States to
be hereunto affixed.
By the President:
[seal] Given under my hand at the city of Washington, the
thirty-first day of May, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, and in the ninety-ninth
of the Independence of the United States of America.
/s/ Ulysses S. Grant
/s/ Hamilton Fish
Secretary of State